Played and Inspired by Patrick Bukassa (Copyright) – Soukous (also known as Lingala or Congo, and previously as African rumba) is a musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and early 1940s, and which has gained popularity throughout Africa. “Soukous” (said to be a derivative of the French word secouer, to shake) was originally the name of a dance popular in the Congos in the late 1960s, and danced to an African version of rumba. Although the genre was initially known as rumba (sometimes termed specifically as African rumba), the term “soukous” has come to refer to African rumba and its subsequent developments. Soukous is called Congo music in West Africa, and Lingala in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania – referring to the Lingala language of the region from where it originated. In the 1980s and early 1990s, a fast-paced style of soukous known as kwassa kwassa named after a popular dance, was popular. A style called ndombolo, also named after a dance, is currently popular.
Zouk is a style of rhythmic music originating from the islands of Guadeloupe, Martinique, Haiti, St. Lucia, and Dominica. Zouk means “party” or “festival” in the local creole of French. In Africa, it is popular in franco- and lusophone countries. In Europe it is particularly popular in France, and in North America the Canadian province of Quebec.
Soukous Origin: In the late 1930s and early 1940s, Congolese musicians fused Congolese and other African traditional music with Caribbean (especially Afro-Cuban, and Haitian music) and South American sounds rhythms that were not entirely foreign to the region, having been based – to varying degrees – on musical traditions from the area. This music emerged in the cities of Leopoldville, as Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was then called, and Brazzaville, then capital of the French Congo, now capital of the Republic of the Congo. Most of the musicians performed in Lingala language, but some also used Swahili, Tshiluba and Kikongo languages.
Zouk Origins: The transition of Zouk started in 1973( on the island of Guadeloupe) by Exile One- a group from Dominica that combined Calypso with the Haitian Cadence-rampa (a derivative of Compas) and the American Funk,a style of music call Cadence-lypso.Exile one moved to Paris,France being signed to Barclay Records- the first West Indian group performing in Creole to be signed to a major recording company, which started global interest in creole music. Aside from Exile one, Grammacks and the Midnight Groovers are groups of Cadence-lypso, which has layered a solid foundation for Zouk a la Kassav. Kassav consisting of members from Martinique and Guadeloupe started Zouk( in the studios of Paris,France) during the early to mid 80’s, claimed to be the merely matural progression of the Cadence-lypso as popularized by Exile One and Grammacks.Zouk popularized by “most significantly” Kassav, Exile One and Grammacks has been experimenting with the Haitian Compas, Biguine, Mazurka, Quadrille, Kadans and Gwoka of the French Antilles, as well asa more contempory caribbean rhythms such as Salsa and Reggae.
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)